English Grammar Parts of Speech

Engish Grammar parts of speech - wearehimachali

English Grammar Parts of Speech

English Grammar parts of speech/ Grammar Rules/ Parts of speech in English/ English Rules for IBPS

English Grammar Parts of Speech

Words can be considered as the smallest elements that have distinctive meanings. Based on their use and functions, words are categorized into several types or parts of speech

The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence.

There are 8 parts of speech in English Grammar.

1. Noun also called naming words. 

English Grammar Parts of speech - wearehimachali

Definition: Noun is the name of any person, place, animal, thing, idea or event.

Examples: Ram, Tiger, Shimla, happiness, city, birthday etc.

There are different types of Noun:

  • Proper Noun: 
  • Common Noun:
  • Collective Noun: 
  • Compound Noun:
  • Abstract Noun:
  • Material Noun:
  • Countable Noun:
  • Uncountable Noun:
  • Gerunds:

Click here to read about the types of Noun in Detail

2. Pronoun:

English Grammar parts of speech - pronouns- wearehimachali

A pronoun is a word used in the place of a noun.

  • to avoid repetition

Types of Pronouns

  • reflexive pronouns
  • indefinite pronouns
  • possessive pronouns
  • relative pronouns

Examples: I, we, you, they, he, she, it, me, us, them, him, her, this, those etc.

Sia is a good girl. She goes to school daily.

We are number one.

3.Adjective = describing words

English Grammar parts of speech -adjectives- wearehimachali

words which tells (describe) us about the quality of a Nouns or pronouns.

Adjectives can specify the quality, the size, and the number of nouns or pronouns.

Examples: small, happy, red, young, crazy, four etc.

 

4. Verb called action words

English Grammar parts of speech -verb- wearehimachali

words which tells us about the action of a noun.

Examples: go, speak, run, eat, play, live, walk, have, like

Examples of “State of Being Verbs”: amiswasare, and were

Linking verbs, Helping verbs and action verbs are some of its types.

5. Adverb describes verb

English Grammar parts of speech - adverb- wearehimachali

adverbs are also used to describe words, but the difference is that adverbs describe adjectives, verbs, or another adverb.

  •  It tells how, where, when, how often or to what extent.
  • Many adverbs end in -LY

Examples: Rachit speaks slowly.

Annie danced gracefully.

The child is very talented.

6. Preposition shows relationship

English Grammar parts of speech - prepositions- wearehimachali

preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word.

  • indicate time, place, or relationship.

prepositions-time english grammar parts of speech -wearehimachali

Examplesabove, below, throughout, outside, before, near, and since

7. Conjunctions = joining words

English Grammar parts of speech - conjunctions- wearehimachali

conjunction joins two words, ideas, phrases or clauses together in a sentence and shows how they are connected.

Examples: and, or, but, because, so, yet, unless, since, if.

8. Interjection = expressive words

English Grammar parts of speech - interjections- wearehimachali

  • words which express emotions.
  • used at the beginning of a sentence.
  • followed by exclamation mark.
  • grammatically not related to the rest of the sentence.

Examples: Ouch! Wow! Great! Help! Oh! Hey! Hi!

Learn about the articles and their use in English Grammar

This is the base of English Grammar, and learning these parts of speech will not only make you a good writer but a good communicator too.

Engish Grammar parts of speech - wearehimachali

 

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