English Grammar Parts of Speech
English Grammar parts of speech/ Grammar Rules/ Parts of speech in English/ English Rules for IBPS
English Grammar Parts of Speech
Words can be considered as the smallest elements that have distinctive meanings. Based on their use and functions, words are categorized into several types or parts of speech
The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence.
There are 8 parts of speech in English Grammar.
1. Noun also called naming words.
Definition: Noun is the name of any person, place, animal, thing, idea or event.
Examples: Ram, Tiger, Shimla, happiness, city, birthday etc.
There are different types of Noun:
- Proper Noun:
- Common Noun:
- Collective Noun:
- Compound Noun:
- Abstract Noun:
- Material Noun:
- Countable Noun:
- Uncountable Noun:
A pronoun is a word used in the place of a noun.
- to avoid repetition
Types of Pronouns
- reflexive pronouns
- indefinite pronouns
- possessive pronouns
- relative pronouns
Examples: I, we, you, they, he, she, it, me, us, them, him, her, this, those etc.
Sia is a good girl. She goes to school daily.
We are number one.
3.Adjective = describing words
words which tells (describe) us about the quality of a Nouns or pronouns.
Adjectives can specify the quality, the size, and the number of nouns or pronouns.
Examples: small, happy, red, young, crazy, four etc.
4. Verb called action words
words which tells us about the action of a noun.
Examples: go, speak, run, eat, play, live, walk, have, like
Examples of “State of Being Verbs”: am, is, was, are, and were
Linking verbs, Helping verbs and action verbs are some of its types.
5. Adverb describes verb
adverbs are also used to describe words, but the difference is that adverbs describe adjectives, verbs, or another adverb.
- It tells how, where, when, how often or to what extent.
- Many adverbs end in -LY
Examples: Rachit speaks slowly.
Annie danced gracefully.
The child is very talented.
6. Preposition shows relationship
A preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word.
- indicate time, place, or relationship.
Examples: above, below, throughout, outside, before, near, and since
7. Conjunctions = joining words
A conjunction joins two words, ideas, phrases or clauses together in a sentence and shows how they are connected.
Examples: and, or, but, because, so, yet, unless, since, if.
8. Interjection = expressive words
- words which express emotions.
- used at the beginning of a sentence.
- followed by exclamation mark.
- grammatically not related to the rest of the sentence.
Examples: Ouch! Wow! Great! Help! Oh! Hey! Hi!
This is the base of English Grammar, and learning these parts of speech will not only make you a good writer but a good communicator too.
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A girl from Theog, Shimla, who loves nature, trekking, travelling, meeting new people, visiting new places, learning new things, reading and helping people.
I believe in education for all and the first female author at We Are Himachali.